In New Islamic actors after the Wahhabi intermezzo: Turkey’s return to the Muslim Balkans Kerem Öktem (University of Oxford) gives an overview of the historical, social and historical differentiation of Muslim communities in Southeast Europe and discusses how Turkish actors –both state agencies and Islamic grassroots- have entered the scene particularly in the 2000s, after foundations from the Arab world gradually began to withdraw.

You can also browse the key parts of this paper:

Muslim communities in the Balkans: Emigration, De-Islamization and new nationalisms

The Wahhabi Intermezzo

Turkey’s new presence in the Balkans

Concluding remarks on new Islamic actors

Eldar Sarajlić (Central European University) discusses the linkages between external and domestic actors in Bosnia-Herzegovina and explores the significance of Islam in the emergence of modern Bosniak identity in post-War Bosnia in The Return of the Consuls: Islamic networks and foreign policy perspectives in Bosnia and Herzegovina

In The ‘forbidden fruit’: Islam and politics of identity in Kosovo and Macedonia Gëzim Krasniqi (University of Edinburgh) looks at the different role, religion has played in Kosovo and Macedonia after the demise of Yugoslavia.

Ali Hüseyinoğlu (University of Sussex) gives an overview of the mostly Turkish Muslims of Western Thrace and their contested relations with agencies of the Greek state in Islam in Western Thrace-Greece after 1923: The role of internal and external actors

Altin Raxhimi (Tirana) discusses in his paper 'Albanian Muslims grapple with religious identity' ‎the role of Turkey in the religious life of Muslims in Albania


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